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Different Stages Of Fibromyalgia , Patients Might Be Unaware


information on fibromyalgia stages. Stage 1:  In this Fibromyalgia Stage you started experiencing pain and fatigue more than before, you’re not sure what is going on but you hurt and you are tired.You can hold a job, you can make it through your day, but you know something isn’t right…so it’s something you’re going to start researching.

information on fibromyalgia Stage 2: In this stage you are in pain a lot, sometimes taking an anti-inflammatory drug or what have you.You do not get much relief, and you have accepted the fact this is something you are going to have for a while.you feel a lot of pain and you are exhausted almost every day, but for the most part.you keep going and hold down a job,can still go to events, spend time with your friends and loved ones, and have some good time here and there.

information on fibromyalgia Stage 3: You are in constant pain, you are constantly tired,you wonder whether you will be ever able to function normally again.You are considering not working, because you no longer have the energy you once had,you come home from work and all you can do is rest. You have to turn down invitations,you have no energy left and you have to rest up just to go back tomorrow.In this stage of Fibromyalgia Disease you start to feel more alone, and more and more people are beginning to think you whine too much.This stage of fibromyalgia can last a long time, perhaps years.

information on fibromyalgia Stage 4: You are in unrelenting pain all the time, good days are few and far between.You are calling into work sick more than you even make it in.You are in bed a good portion of your day.Your family begins to think you are using Fibromyalgia Disease as an excuse to not do things,because Fibromyalgia Stages 1-3 you were able to do much of what you just can’t do now.They think you are using your illness as an excuse, you feel alone, isolated, worried, emotional, sad.this is stage 4 of Fibromyalgia Disease Stages.

information on fibromyalgia stage 5: You are struggling to make ends meet. Maybe have a person who takes care of you.You spend a lot of your day in bed, although you still take advantage of that one good day once in awhile.You are sore, very sore, you cry a lot, you feel like a prisoner in your own body.By this time you have already explained to your friends that it still feels good to be invited even if you don’t go.

information on fibromyalgia Stage 6: t’s easy to feel overwhelmed in this stage,because things are piling up around you: bills, laundry, dishes.You do a little everyday, you push yourself so you don’t feel like your day was wasted in bed,you feel guilty that you no longer pull your own weight in the house.these are common Fibromyalgia Disease Stages.

information on fibromyalgia Stage 7:So stage seven for fibromyalgia sufferers would be acceptance. Acceptance doesn’t mean giving up. It means facing your illness with a new perspective. You find peace with that acceptance. Anger, fear, hopelessness all but disappear. You stop feeling like you are a worthless human being and you find some purpose in your life.

FDA Approval Miracle Lupus Drug Treatment With No Side Effects


If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus or any of the less common subtypes of lupus, you may be wondering about available treatment options and which ones may be right for you. Because lupus is a chronic disease, doctors work with you to manage symptoms  which can range from mild arthritis and rash to problems with the kidneys and other organs using a variety of medications and therapies. And the best treatment approach for you might change over time as your symptoms and the condition changes.Generally, with the help of a rheumatologist, up to 90 percent people with lupus have a normal life expectancy, according to the Lupus Foundation of America.

“My message to patients is that we can do an excellent job of managing the condition compared to 20 years ago,” says Roberto Caricchio, MD, the interim section chief of rheumatology at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia and the director of the Temple Lupus Clinic at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine. With that said, people should never underestimate the serious effects lupus can have, he adds, which is why working with your doctor to manage the condition is so important.

Really good news for Patients with lupus — the first new lupus drug treatment in 56 years has just been approved by the FDA. In case you aren’t familiar with it, systemic lupus erythematosus (its formal name) is a type of autoimmune condition. Under normal circumstances, the immune system protects the body against bacteria and viruses. But in autoimmune disorders, the immune system mistakes parts of the person’s own body for foreign invaders.

Lupus can have wide-ranging and severe effects, because the immune system can attack and damage the skin, kidneys, lungs, brain, blood, heart, and joints.Treatment may include: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat arthritis and pleurisy. Corticosteroid creams to treat skin rashes. Antimalarial drugs (hydroxychloroquine) to treat skin and arthritis symptoms.

But now along comes Benlysta (belimumab). It’s not a miracle lupus drug treatment by a long shot. For example, it doesn’t seem to help African-American patients, which is disappointing, since African-Americans are more likely to have the condition than people of other races. Additionally, research studies showed Benlysta to have only a 43 percent symptom reduction rate, compared with 34 percent for placebo. Still, it’s one more weapon in a limited arsenal against the destructiveness of lupus. Some patients have noted that they could reduce their dependence on steroids for symptom management, which would definitely be a good thing, since steroids have significant side effects in chronic users (including bone fragility and weight gain).

One of the reasons people are celebrating this new drug is the idea that, once one company gains approval for a drug targeted against a specific disease, other companies often jump on the bandwagon in an effort to produce competitors. This kind of competition can only help lupus sufferers, who are long overdue for some good news.The downside to the Benlysta story is the expense — currently about $35,000 per year. It’s given through an IV every 28 days.

Long Term Complications Of Lupus That Effects On Body Parts


Complications: Complications from the inflammation lupus causes can affect any number of areas in your body, including your skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, blood, and brain. Lupus can also raise your risk for other problems.

Skin: There are skin diseases and complications that can occur in lupus and in other autoimmune diseases. These include:

  • Hair loss
  • Calcinosis (calcium deposits on the skin)
  • Livedo reticularis (a red, network-like pattern in the skin caused by congested blood vessels)

Kidneys: Inflammation of the kidneys in lupus patients is called lupus nephritis. Lupus nephritis can lead to kidney failure in some people and is a serious, initially silent, complication affecting lupus patients.

Blood: As noted above, lupus can lead to anemia and blood clotting problems, but it can also cause inflammation in the lining of your blood vessels, called vasculitis. This appears as red bumps or spots on your lower legs.

Heart and Lungs: There are several inflammatory heart and lung issues that can affect lupus patients. By far, the most common include

  • Inflammation of the lining of the heart (pericarditis)
  • Inflammation of the lining of the lung (pleuritis)

Less common complications include:

  • Inflammation of heart tissue (myocarditis)
  • Inflammation of the blood vessels in the heart (coronary vasculitis)
  • Inflammation of the lung itself (pneumonitis)

Brain: Lupus can affect your central nervous system, leading to memory problems, difficulty expressing yourself, and confusion. Other potential effects are headaches, problems with your vision, behavior changes, dizziness, psychosis, and even seizures or stroke.

Infection: Because lupus is an autoimmune disorder, you’re more susceptible to pick up infections and have complications from them due to both the disorder and the treatments for it. This is particularly true of respiratory, skin, and urinary infections.

Bones: When part of a bone’s blood supply is cut off, that area of the bone dies and eventually collapses (avascular necrosis). Osteoporosis, a disease in which your bones become weak and brittle, is another common complication of lupus.

Cancer: The risk is small, but having lupus may increase your chance of developing cancer.

Pregnancy: If you get pregnant while you have lupus, you’re more likely to have a miscarriage, high blood pressure during your pregnancy, and pre-term birth. Having your disease under control before you get pregnant helps reduce this risk, so if you think you might have lupus, see your doctor before you become pregnant.

Nervous system problems

Neurological (nervous system) problems associated with lupus include:

  • Mild memory loss, trouble concentrating, and errors in insight and judgment.
  • Headaches, which are common but are usually related to stress and tension. Migraine headaches occur in many people who have lupus.
  • Nervous system problems that cause vision disturbance, dizziness, muscle weakness in the face, arms, or legs, or loss of temperature or pain sensation in the feet, hands, arms, or legs (cranial or peripheral neuropathy).
  • Seizures. They may be caused by problems with blood pressure, infections, or inflammation in blood vessels in the brain.
  • Strokes, ranging from mild to severe.

Mental health problems

The physical and emotional stress of coping with a chronic illness can make it difficult to maintain good mental health.

  • Many people with lupus become anxious, depressed, or both.
  • Psychosis, a mental-behavioral disorder in which a person may have delusions (firmly held but false beliefs) or hallucinations (false perceptions) or both, is seen in some people who have lupus. It can be caused by the disease or by medicines such as tranquilizers, corticosteroids, or opioid pain relievers.
  • Manic behavior, including unusually high levels of energy and activity, difficulty sleeping, and irritability, can occur as a result of corticosteroid treatment for lupus. It is usually not serious and goes away when the medicine is discontinued.

Digestive system problems

Problems in the digestive system are not common with lupus but may include:

  • Abdominal (belly) pain, often with nausea and vomiting.
  • Enlargement of the liver.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
  • Inflammation of the sac surrounding the intestines (peritonitis).
  • Indigestion.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Dry mouth.

Phases Of Lyme Disease’s 3 Is Stunning You May Know


Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. B. burgdorferi is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected black-legged or deer tick. The tick becomes infected after feeding on infected deer or mice. A tick has to be present on the skin for 24 to 48 hours to transmit the infection. Most people with Lyme disease stages have no memory of a tick bite.

Lyme disease was first reported in the town of Old Lyme, Connecticut, in 1975. It’s the most common tick-borne illness in Europe and the Pacific Northwest, Northeast, and Upper Midwest regions of the United States. People who live or spend time in wooded areas are more likely to get this illness. People with domesticated animals that are let out in wooded areas also have a higher risk of contracting Lyme disease.

It’s likely this treatment will get rid of the bacteria that’s making you sick. Still, it could take some time for your symptoms to go away. Intravenous antibiotics also come with side effects. These can include diarrhea and a low white blood cell count, which makes it hard for your body to fight off other infections. Lyme disease occurs in three stages: early localized, early disseminated, and late disseminated. The Lyme disease information states that symptoms you experience will depend on which stage the disease is in.

Stage 1: Early localized disease

Lyme disease info states that Lyme disease start one to two weeks after the tick bite. One of the earliest signs is a “bull’s-eye” rash, which is a sign that bacteria are multiplying in the bloodstream. The rash occurs at the site of the tick bite as a central red spot surrounded by a clear spot with an area of redness at the edge. It may be warm to the touch, but it isn’t painful and doesn’t itch. This rash will disappear after four weeks.

Lyme disease info states that The formal name for this rash is erythema migrans. Erythema migrans is said to be characteristic of Lyme disease. However, many people don’t have this symptom. Some people have a rash that is solid red, while people with dark complexions may have a rash that resembles a bruise.

Stage 2: Early disseminated Lyme disease

Early disseminated Lyme disease occurs several weeks after the tick bite. During this stage bacteria are beginning to spread throughout the body. Lyme disease info states that It’s characterized by flu-like symptoms, such as:

  • chills
  • fever
  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • sore throat
  • vision changes
  • fatigue
  • muscle aches
  • headaches

During early disseminated Lyme disease you’ll have a general feeling of being unwell. Lyme disease info states that A rash may appear in areas other than the tick bite, and neurological signs such as numbness, tingling, and Bell’s palsy can also occur. This stage of Lyme disease can be complicated by meningitis and cardiac conduction disturbances. The symptoms of stages 1 and 2 can overlap.

Stage 3: Late disseminated Lyme disease

Late disseminated Lyme disease information states that disease occurs when the infection hasn’t been treated in stages 1 and 2. Stage 3 can occur weeks, months, or years after the tick bite. This stage is characterized by:

  • severe headaches
  • arthritisof one or more large joints
  • disturbances in heart rhythm
  • brain disorders (encephalopathy) involving memory, mood, and sleep
  • short-term memory loss
  • difficulty concentrating
  • mental fogginess
  • problems following conversations
  • numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet

Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms That Can Make You Sicker


Many of the symptoms of colorectal cancer can also be caused by something that isn’t cancer, such as infection, hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome, or inflammatory bowel disease.In most cases, people who have these symptoms do not have cancer. Still, if you have any of these problems, it is a sign that you should go to the doctor so the cause can be found and treated, if needed:

  • A change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or narrowing of the stool, that lasts for more than a few days
  • A feeling that you need to have a bowel movement that is not relieved by doing so
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Dark stools, or blood in the stool
  • Cramping or abdominal (belly) pain
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss

When colorectal cancer does turn out to be the cause, symptoms often appear only after the cancer has grown or spread. That’s why it’s best to be tested for colorectal cancer before ever having any symptoms. Colorectal cancer that’s found through screening – testing that’s done on people with no symptoms – is usually easier to treat. Screening can even prevent some colorectal cancers by finding and removing pre-cancerous growths called polyps.

Screening could save your life

Colorectal cancer often doesn’t cause symptoms until it is advanced, and recent data shows the number of new cases of colorectal cancer is increasing in younger populations. This is why the American Cancer Society recommends regular colorectal cancer screening for people at average risk starting at age 45. People with a family history of the disease or who have certain other risk factors should talk with their doctor about beginning screening at a younger age. Several different tests can be used to screen for colorectal cancer. Talk with your doctor to find out which tests might be right for you.

Weight Loss Surgery The Benefits And Risks Factor Patient Need To Know


Weight loss surgery can bring many benefits, in addition to the main goal of weight loss, including improvements in health, wellbeing, quality of life and increased life expectancy. It is however major surgery and as such it carries risks that you need to be aware of.

1. The benefits of weight loss surgery

a) Weight loss

The primary benefit of weight loss surgery is to lose weight. On average bariatric surgery can result in a 50 to 70 percent reduction in excess body weight over three years. The amount of weight lost after surgery depends on the type of operation, your lifestyle and eating habits. In general, gastric bypass patients will lose around 70 percent of their excess weight, sleeve gastrectomy patients will lose around 60 percent and gastric banding patients will lose around 50 percent¹.

b) Improved general health

Morbid obesity can affect the quality of your health and it’s been linked to several serious and life-threatening diseases. These co-morbid conditions include:

• type 2 diabetes,
• high blood pressure,
• high cholesterol,
• gastroesophageal disease (GERD),
• obstructive sleep apnoea,
• severe arthritis,
• asthma.

Steady weight loss following bariatric surgery often improves these health problems.

Metabolic surgery uses bariatric surgery to treat a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity, known as metabolic syndrome. It can dramatically improve or cure diabetes in some obese patients including some who do not strictly meet the criteria of morbid obesity.

c) Enhanced mood and quality of life

Most people after weight loss surgery gradually have more energy and a more active lifestyle. Having the energy and being able to do more can have a knock on effect in many areas of your life both psychologically and physically.

Often after bariatric surgery, a patient’s social and emotional wellbeing will improve and often result in feeling less depressed. Finding it easier to move around, exercise and join in different activities alongside the positive impact of actually losing pounds, that you have not been able to lose before, can make you feel better about yourself, more fulfilled and confident. This can ripple throughout your life and you may feel capable of being more productive on a daily basis or achieving in areas such as your career.

d) Greater life expectancy

There have been several clinical studies of bariatric surgery that show surgery improved life expectancy in patients.

2. Risks of weight loss surgery

Like any surgical procedure there are possible risks and complications which will be discussed with you at your initial consultation. They are rare and everything possible will be done to prevent them from occurring.

a) Risks associated during or immediately after weight loss surgery
include: internal bleeding, blood clots in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or lungs (pulmonary embolism, stomach perforation, injury to the spleen, adverse reaction to anaesthesia, leaks in your gastrointestinal system, a stroke, incisions may become infected, hernias may result at the incision site. Other complications:

• Abdominal surgery may cause complications related to your heart such as a heart attack,
• There is a chance that sutures will be rejected,
• Scarring of the tissue can restrict the motion in the small intestine, causing food to eventually block the intestines,
• No surgery is entirely safe and all surgical procedures carry a risk of death (rare).

Who is more at risk of complications during or immediately after weight loss surgery?

A number of risk factors have been identified that increase the risk of complications during or shortly after weight loss surgery. These include:

• Having a BMI of 50 or above.
• High blood pressure.
• Being over 45 years old.
• Being male (obese men tend to weigh more than obese women)
• Having a known risk factor for a pulmonary embolism such as a previous history of blood clots, pulmonary hypertension (blood pressure inside the lungs is particularly high) or obesity hypoventilation syndrome (persistent breathing difficulties related to obesity).

b) Longer term risks

Longer term risks and complications of weight loss surgery vary depending on the type of surgery. They can include:

Stomal stenosis – This is a common complication in gastric bypass patients that occurs when the hole (stoma) that connects the stomach pouch to the small intestine becomes blocked by a piece of food. The most common symptom of stomal stenosis is persistent vomiting. The best way to prevent stomal stenosis is to always cut food into small chunks, chew the chunks thoroughly and avoid drinking during meals.

Stomal Stenosis occurs in one-fifth of gastric bypass patients.

Dumping syndrome – Gastric bypass patients may experience ‘dumping’ of their food into the intestines too quickly before it’s been properly digested. Dumping can cause nausea or vomiting, bloating, pain and diarrhoea. It is occasionally associated with brief periods of light-headedness, sweating or heart palpitations due to low blood sugar.

The upside of the effects of dumping means that patients tend to avoid foods (often weight gaining) that lead to dumping.

Staple disruption – Staple disruption can occur at any time after weight loss surgery but it is uncommon. If the staples pull out the feeling of fullness will probably disappear. A second operation may be required to re-staple the stomach.

Gallstones – They are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder. If gallstones become trapped in an opening or channel they can irritate and inflame the gallbladder. Symptoms include a sudden intense pain in the abdomen (stomach), nausea and vomiting, jaundice, hernias and low blood sugar.

Around 1 in 12 people will develop gallstones after weight loss surgery usually 10 months after the surgery.

Gastric band slippage – As the name suggests, the gastric band slips out of position. This can happen months or even years after the operation. When the gastric band slips the upper stomach pouch may become enlarged. Symptoms include heartburn, nausea and vomiting. The band can be re-fixed in the correct position.

Gastric band slippage is a complication that affects around 1 in 50 gastric band patients.

Malnutrition – Gastric bypass patients are most at risk of vitamin and iron deficiency. Iron and some vitamins are primarily absorbed in the stomach and upper part of the small intestine which is bypassed. Low calcium and protein levels may also occur after gastric bypass surgery. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are easily prevented by oral supplements or injections.

This may occur in a mild form in as many as 40 percent of patients after gastric bypass.

Ulcers – Rarely ulcers will form in the stomach or small intestine for gastric bypass patients. Symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Ulcers are more common in smokers and patients taking medications for arthritis.

Hair loss – It may be a temporary problem for some patients within the first 6 to 12 months after weight loss surgery and is largely due to vitamin deficiency. Keeping to a post-surgery diet and taking multi-vitamin supplements may help.

Food intolerance – Happens when your body is unable to tolerate certain foods, such as red meat or green salad. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). The reason why food intolerance can develop after surgery is unclear. Generally, avoiding foods that trigger a reaction should help improve symptoms.

Around 1 in 35 people with a gastric band develop food intolerance, often many years after their surgery.

Excess skin – After dramatic weight loss, people are often left with excess folds and rolls of skin, particularly around the breasts, tummy, hips and limbs. This is because the skin cannot revert to its pre-obesity tightness and firmness.

Cosmetic surgery (eg. apronectomy) is an option to remove the excess skin.

Read more in our blog post: Cosmetic surgery after weight loss surgery

Psychosocial effects  – There are several psychosocial effects that may be related to rapid weight loss. These include:
– relationship problems (as the partner feels nervous, anxious or jealous about the weight loss)
– social awkwardness around occasions that revolve around food, such as family meals.
– worsening of mood when weight stabilises, typically two years after surgery and many people realise that problems that existed before surgery, such as money worries or difficulties at work, are still there after surgery.

12 Psoriasis Causes And Risk Factors Patient Must Over Looked


Psoriasis turns your skin cells into type overachievers: They grow about five times faster than normal skin cells. And your body can’t keep up. The old ones pile up instead of sloughing off, making thick, flaky, itchy patches. Why do these cells go a little haywire? There’s more going on under the surface of this skin disease.  Researchers think something sets off your immune system. The exact reason is a mystery. But it’s likely a combination of genetics and triggers.

1. Your Genes and Your Immune System

Little bits of your DNA, called genes, are instructions for your cells. They control things like your eye and hair color if you can taste certain things and other ways your body works. Some genes are only active at certain times.

When you have psoriasis, the genes that control your immune system signals get mixed up. Instead of protecting your body from invaders as it’s designed to do, it promotes inflammation and turns skin cells on overdrive. Scientists have found about 25 genes that are different in people with psoriasis. They think it takes more than one to cause the disease, and they’re looking for the main ones. About 10 in every 100 people have genes that make them more likely to get psoriasis, but only two or three of them actually do.

2. Hormone Changes

The disease often shows up or flares during puberty. Menopause can also trigger it. During pregnancy, your symptoms may get better or even go away. But after the baby’s born, you might have a flare.

3. Alcohol

Heavy drinkers have a higher risk, especially younger men. Alcohol can make treatments less effective, too.

4. Smoking

Lighting up can double your risk of getting psoriasis. If you also have relatives with the disease, you’re nine times more likely to get it. And smoking makes it harder to get rid of symptoms. It’s closely linked with a hard-to-treat type called pustular psoriasis, which affects the palms of your hands and the soles of your feet.

5. Stress

Scientists think your immune system may respond to emotional and mental pressures the same way it does to physical problems like injuries and infections.

6. Medications

Some treatments can make psoriasis worse. These include:

  • Lithium, which treats bipolar disorder and other mental illnesses
  • High blood pressure and heart medicines, including propranolol (Inderal) and other beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and quinidine
  • Antimalarial medicines, including chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), and quinacrine
  • Indomethacin (Indocin), which treats inflammation

7. HIV

Psoriasis usually is worse in the beginning stages of HIV infection, but then it gets better after you start certain treatments.

8. Other Infections

Strep infections, in particular, are linked with guttate psoriasis, which looks like small, red drops. Kids will often have strep throat before their first flare. Earaches, bronchitis, tonsillitis, or a respiratory infection such as a cold, the flu, or skin problems.

9. Sunlight

A little natural sunlight is good for most people with psoriasis. But for a few, the sun makes their condition worse. So can a bad sunburn, so protect your skin if you’re going to be outside.

10. Skin Injuries

A cut, scrape, bug bite, infection, or too much scratching can trigger the condition.

11. Weight

People who are obese tend to get plaques in their skin creases and folds.

12. Weather

Your psoriasis might be worse in the winter. Dry air, less natural sunlight, and cold temperatures can make symptoms worse. Keep your skin moist, and try a humidifier at home.

5 Myths About Low Carb Diets Could Be Wrecking Your Health


There is a lot of misinformation about the low-carb diet out there. Some claim that it is the optimal human diet and that everyone should be eating low-carb. Other people believe it is a “fad” diet that is unsustainable and potentially harmful.

This article lists  common myths about low-carb diets.

1. Low-Carb is a Fad Diet

The term “fad diet” has kind of lost its meaning.

Before, it was used for crash weight loss diets that enjoyed short-term popularity. However, today it has basically just become a term of abuse that people use for diets they don’t agree with. Even today, many people still call low-carb a “fad” diet. This makes absolutely no sense, because low-carb has been shown to be effective in over 20 scientific studies. It has also been popular for decades. In fact, the first Atkins book was published in 1972, 5 years before the first set of low-fat dietary guidelines in America. If we look even further back, the first low-carb book was published in 1863 and was wildly popular at the time. When something has been around for so long and is supported by science, dismissing it as a “fad” is just a dishonest attempt at evading the argument.

2. Low-Carb Diets Are Hard to Stick to

It is often claimed that low-carb diets are unsustainable because they restrict common food groups. This is claimed to lead to feelings of deprivation, causing people to abandon the diet and gain the weight back. This makes sense, but the truth is that all diets restrict something. Some restrict food groups or macronutrients, others restrict calories.

The great thing about low-carb is that it leads to a reduction in appetite, so that people can eat until fullness and still lose weight (1, 2). Compare that to a calorie-restricted diet, where you’re not really allowed to eat until you’re fully satisfied, and end up being hungry all the time. Being constantly hungry and never being allowed to eat until satisfied… now that is truly unsustainable for most people. All that being said, the data does not support that low-carb diets are harder to stick to than other diets. I reviewed 19 studies that looked at how many people made it to the end in studies comparing low-carb and low-fat diets. Although the results were mixed, more people in the low-carb groups actually made it to the end of the studies, on average. The average for low-carb diets was 79.51%, compared to 77.72% in the low-fat groups. Not a huge difference, but it clearly shows that low-carb diets are, at the very least, not harder to stick to than comparable diets.

3. Most of The Weight Lost Comes From Water Weight

The body stores significant amounts of carbohydrates in the muscles and liver. This is a storage form of glucose, known as glycogen. It is used to supply the body with glucose between meals. Stored glycogen in the liver and muscles tends to bind some water. When we cut carbs, the glycogen stores go down, and we lose significant amounts of water weight. Additionally, low-carb diets lead to a drastic reduction in insulin levels. When insulin goes down, the kidneys shed excess sodium and water out of the body (3, 4).

For these reasons, low-carb diets lead to a substantial and almost immediate reduction in water weight. This is often used as an argument against low-carb diets, and it is claimed that the only reason for their weight loss advantage is the reduction in water weight. However, this is false. Low-carb diets reduce water weight, but studies show that they also cause a greater reduction in body fat – especially from the liver and abdominal area where the harmful belly fat is located (5, 6). One 6-week long study on low-carb diets showed that the participants lost 7.5 pounds (3.4 kg) of fat, but gained 2.4 pounds (1.1 kg) of muscle .

Also, the reduction in water weight is a good thing. It makes no sense to use this as an argument against low-carb diets. Who would possibly want to carry around 5-10 (or more) pounds of excess water that they don’t need?

4. Low-Carb Diets Are Bad For Your Heart

Low-carb diets tend to be high in cholesterol and fat, including saturated fat.

For this reason, many people claim that they should raise blood cholesterol and increase the risk of heart disease. However, new studies have shown that neither dietary cholesterol or saturated fat have any significant effect on the risk of heart disease (8, 9, 10, 11).

Contrary to what is often claimed, low-carb diets actually improve many of the most important risk factors for heart disease (12):

Blood triglycerides go way down (13, 14).
HDL (the “good”) cholesterol goes up (15, 16).
Blood pressure tends to go down (17, 18).
Insulin resistance decreases, leading to reductions in blood sugar and insulin levels (19, 20).
Inflammation may be reduced on a low-carb diet (21).
Levels of LDL cholesterol don’t increase, on average. The particles also tend to change from small, dense (bad) to large LDL, a pattern that is linked to a reduced risk of heart disease (22, 23).

That being said, the studies mostly look at averages. There are some individuals who experience major increases in LDL on a low-carb diet.These individuals should take some steps to get their levels down.

5. Low-Carb Diets Only Work Because People Eat Fewer Calories

Many people claim that the only reason people lose weight on low-carb is reduced calorie intake.This is true, but it doesn’t tell the whole story.The main weight loss advantage of low-carb diets is that weight loss occurs automatically. People feel so satiated that they end up eating less food without counting calories or controlling portions.

This appetite-reducing effect is so powerful that studies comparing low-carb and low-fat diets need to actively restrict calories in the low-fat groups in order to make the results comparable. Even when the low-fat groups are calorie restricted, the low-carb groups still usually end up losing more weight… sometimes 2-3 times as much (24, 25)!

Also, people sometimes don’t realize that low-carb diets are not just about losing weight. They are also very effective against certain health conditions, such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and epilepsy (26, 27, 28). In these cases, the health benefits go way beyond just a reduction in calorie intake. That being said, low-carb diets may have a small metabolic advantage. They tend to be high in protein, which boosts metabolism (29, 30).